Entry 34 -37 – Date 2nd of October 1829

Set foot in Illinois...

Entry 34 – 29th of September 1829 [Illinois] Next day finished our journey over fine roads. Generally through wide prairies. Some of the prairies are eight miles across and extended as far as the eye could see in length. No sight can be more magnificent than one of the boundless prairies, covered with grass, weeds, flowers and sometimes clumps of trees. They abound with larks and prairie hens. Crossed Fox River.Encamped at Muddy fork of Little Wabash. A deep dirty little stream which we were compelled to cross on one of the worst bridges I ever saw, for which we were charged an extortionate toll, 87-1/2 cents.

Journal of william campbell

Entry 35 – 30th of September 1829 – Next day rode over miles of very bad roads between Muddy Fork and Little Wabash, said to overflow in winter. Passed through Maysville, the county town of Clay county[Illinois]. It consists of a small wooden court house and jail, two houses and three cabins. Crossed one prairie 10 miles wide, through which passed a small stream called Elm River. The rising and setting of the sun on the prairie is a glorious sight. Encamped in a prairie near a skirt of wood.


Entry 36 – 1st of October 1829 – Entered Marion County. Land fine, roads excellent. Came through Salem the county town of Marion. It consists of a court house, two taverns, a grocery and horse mill. Saw a glorious sight, the Militia officers of Marion training. This day saw five deer running on the prairie.


Entry 37 – 2nd of October 1829 Encamped three miles in Grand Prairie, at a skirt of wood projecting into the prairie.

Journal of William M. Campbell

William Massilon Campbell was born 19 June 1805 in Rockbridge County Virginia, one of ten children of Dr. Samuel Legrand Campbell (whose father was Charles Campbell) and Sally Reid Alexander (who is the daughter William Alexander and sister to Archibald Alexander). He attended school under Rev. Wm. Graham in the Log College which later became Washington and Lee University. He graduated with a law degree, and in 1829, he decide to make this trip to Missouri and to follow this route. With him are several relatives and their enslaved.

I started from Lexington, Virginia [August 20, 1829] on a journey to the state of Missouri. My own object in going to that remote section of the Union was to seek a place where I might obtain an honest livelihood by the practice of law. I travel in company with four families containing about 50 individuals, white and black.

Journal of William Campbell

This is the journal of William Massilon Campbell written from August 20, 1829 until October 8, 1829, describing a journey from Rockbridge County Virginia to St. Charles County Missouri. The transcript is located in the collections of Leyburn Library, Special Collections and Archives, at Washington and Lee University in Lexington Virginia. We are deeply indebted to the Library, and Lisa McCown. Editor is Dorris Keeven-Franke.

Campbell would go on to be a State Representative of both St. Charles County and St. Louis, with a lucrative law practice in both. He was editor of the St. Charles Clarion in St. Charles County, and the New Era in St. Louis, according to Bryan and Rose’s Missouri Pioneers. He would die in St. Louis on December 31, 1849 and be buried in the City Cemetery in January 1850. This journal would be preserved by the family and a transcript of it would be donated by the descendants of Jeanette McCluer, who was part of this journey as a twelve- year-old young girl. William M. Campbell was her uncle.

White members of the caravan making the journey from Virginia to Missouri

(Research by Dorris Keeven-Franke)

Agnes Jane Alexander1825-1885
Alexander Child -dies on journey???? – 1829
Anna Icenhauer- she is pregnant1792-1877
Anna Icenhaur’s father  1839-
Catherine Icenhauer1824
Charles Fennelore Campbell 
Daniel Icenhauer1811-1826?
Dr. Robert McCluer1792-1834
Jacob Icenhauer- born in Pennsylvania1778-1835
James Cummings 
James Harvey Alexander1739-1834
James Wilson1801
Jeannette “Jane” C McCluer1817-1880
John M. McCluer1822-1834
John McCluer Alexander1827-1867
John McNutt1809
Martha Icenhauer1818-
Mary Borden Wilson 
Mary Icenhauer1814-1891
Mary Icenhauers father1739-
Nancy M McCluer1791-1833
Sallie C McCluer1829-1833
Samuel C. McCluer1821-1888
Samuel Icenhauer1822-1893
Sarah Elizabeth Alexander 1823-1863
Sophia Campbell 1795-1867
Susan T McCluer1827-1833
William Archibald Alexander 1824-1890
William Massilon Campbell– author1805-1849

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The last entry is next and made as they reach their destination…with their enslaved… Archer Alexander

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